An estimated 2.9 crore people, out of the total population of 1.5 billion, do not have access to a dentist, and the shortage is aggravated by the low supply of primary healthcare, a report by the South Asian Development Bank (SADB) has said.
According to the report, about 40% of the dentists in the country have no insurance, making them vulnerable to financial loss due to shortage of funds, while the remaining 80% of dental practitioners have insurance, but are not reimbursed for their services.
The report says the state of the dental sector is deteriorating, especially with the increasing number of chronic and refractory diseases.
According, the health of 1,600 dental practitioners is in jeopardy due to the shortage of dental services, which has been exacerbated by the lack of funding for primary healthcare.
“In spite of the state’s high level of dental enrolment, more than one in five dentists have no dental insurance, which is the worst in the region.
In addition, the dental services are not free.
While the average annual salary of a dental practitioner in the state is Rs.20,000, the average dental service cost is Rs 7,000,” the report said.”
While dental clinics are operating, the number of clinics is also increasing.
According to a survey conducted by the Association of Health and Dental Students (AHSDS), the number will reach 1,200 by 2020.”
The report said in order to tackle the problem of dentists’ poor health, the government should set up a national dental plan and provide dental facilities for the dental profession.
It added that while some people have already enrolled for a dental plan, there is no guarantee that the plans will be available to all dental students, as some states are not providing free plans to students.
The state of health and the environmentThe report also pointed out that India has a severe shortage of drinking water and sanitation facilities, which in turn is affecting the health.
“The situation is worsened by the poor quality of drinking and sanitation water and inadequate hygiene facilities.
Many Indians have been exposed to contaminants in drinking water, such as the carcinogenic chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs), and contaminated food, and thus have weakened immune systems and reduced immune function.
The prevalence of asthma, diabetes and other respiratory diseases has also increased,” it said.
The health of a person living in an urban area is at risk due to pollution, which can lead to cancer, cardiovascular diseases, kidney diseases and liver disease, the report pointed out.
The quality of sanitation facilities in the city is also being affected by poor hygiene, especially in the urban areas, as the government has not been able to provide sanitation facilities for all residents, including women, the SADB said.
As the government did not allocate enough funds to provide health facilities for sanitation workers, they have to rely on others to do so, it said, adding that there is also a lack of access to quality sanitation facilities.
The government should also provide a comprehensive sanitation plan to address the pollution problem and improve the quality of life of the population, the study said.
Dental service quality, availability, and quality of servicesThe report added that the availability of dental service is poor, and services vary according to the level of services provided.
“Many of the services offered by the government are not available to the general public,” the SAC said.
It also said the quality and availability of services is poor and services are limited.
“Some services are provided to the poor, some to the vulnerable and some to other sections of society, while others are provided only to the rich and powerful,” it added.
The public health impact of dental careThere are a number of health consequences from the lack or poor quality dental care that the report identified, the agency said.
Some of the issues highlighted include poor access to dentists, poor dental hygiene, poor availability of dentistry services, low availability of equipment and supplies, lack of proper dental care, inadequate dental care services and inadequate medical care, the review said.
Among the problems identified are the following:Inadequate dental hygiene:The SAD-funded agency said it found that the health status of the community was deteriorating due to poor dental care and lack of dental equipment and facilities.
“Dental hygiene is a major challenge in India, with poor dental equipment, inadequate medical hygiene and poor dental services,” it stated.
Dentists are also facing health problems due to over-prescription of cosmetic products in India.
For instance, the public health impacts of over-Prescription of Cosmetic Products in India are:1.
Over-prescribing of cosmetic cosmetic products2.
Incidence of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and COPD-related deaths3.
Obesity and cardiovascular disease4.
Diabetes and diabetes-related mortality5.
Infertility and fertility problems7.
Cancer and cancer-related